Handbook of Australian Meat 7th Edition AusMeatInternational Red Meat Manual
CONTENTS
> RED MEAT INDUSTRY > AUS-MEAT LANGUAGE BOVINE CATEGORIES & DESCRIPTIONS HELP

BOVINE – BASIC CATEGORIES (VEAL / BEEF / BULL)

DENTITION DESCRIPTION CATEGORY/CIPHER

VEAL - Female or castrate or entire male bovine that:

  • Has no evidence of eruption of permanent incisor teeth.
  • Weighs no more than 150kg (HSCW).
  • In males after SSC assessment shows no evidence of SSC.
  • Shows youthfulness and Veal colour (Veal meat colour must not exceed the AUS-MEAT Veal colour standard V5).

VEAL * V *

Optional Veal classes:
Refer Veal section

BEEF - Female or castrate or entire male bovine that:

  • In males shows no evidence of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC). 
  • Dentition range for this category is 0 to 8 permanent incisor teeth.
BEEF * A *
OR
BEEF
 

BULL - Derived from entire or castrate male bovine animals showing signs of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).

  • (SSC) in bovine are defined by the following well developed aspects:
    • Muscles on the neck and shoulder.
    • Inguinal canal and prominent erector muscle
    • Penis stub.
    • Pubic tubercle.

Exposed area of M. semimembranosus muscle-triangular and, relatively scarce scrotal fat and dark muscle colour.

BULL * B * 

* SSC: Secondary Sexual Characteristics

BOVINE – ALTERNATIVE CATEGORIES (BEEF)

* Chronological age as shown is approximate only

DENTITION DESCRIPTION CATEGORY/CIPHER

Carcase is derived from castrate or entire male bovine that:

  • Has 0 permanent incisor teeth.
  • Has no evidence of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).

YEARLING STEER
* YS *

* Up to 18 months

Carcase is derived from female, castrate or entire male bovine that:

  • Has 0 permanent incisor teeth.
  • Has no evidence of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).

 YEARLING BEEF
* Y *

* Up to 18 months

Carcase is derived from castrate or entire male bovine that:

  • Has no more than 2 permanent incisor teeth.
  • Has no evidence of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).

 YOUNG STEER
* YGS *

* Up to 30 months

Carcase is derived from female, castrate or entire male bovine that:

  • Has no more than 2 permanent incisor teeth.
  • Has no evidence of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).

YOUNG BEEF
* YG *

* Up to 30 months

Carcase is derived from castrate or entire male bovine that:

  • Has no more than 4 permanent incisor teeth.
  • Has no evidence of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).

 YOUNG
PRIME STEER
* YPS *

* Up to 36 months

Carcase is derived from female, castrate or entire male bovine that:

  • Has no more than 4 permanent incisor teeth.
  • Has no evidence of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).

 YOUNG
PRIME BEEF
* YP *

* Up to 36 months

Carcase is derived from castrate or entire male bovine that:

  • Has no more than 7 permanent incisor teeth.
  • Has no evidence of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).

 PRIME STEER
* PRS *

* Up to 42 months

Carcase is derived from female, castrate or entire male bovine that:

  • Has no more than 7 permanent incisor teeth.
  • Has no evidence of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).

 PRIME BEEF
* PR *

* Up to 42 months

OX – Carcase is derived from female (only) bovine that:

  • Has no more than 7 permanent incisor teeth.

OX * S *

* Up to 42 months

OX – STEER – Carcase is derived from castrate or entire male bovine that:

  • Has up to 8 permanent incisor teeth.
  • Has no evidence of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).

 OX * S * or
STEER * SS *

* Any age

Carcase is derived from female bovine that:

  • Has 8 permanent incisor teeth.

COW * C *

* All ages

BOVINE – ALTERNATIVE CATEGORIES (BULL)

DENTITION DESCRIPTION CATEGORY/CIPHER

Carcase derived from entire male not assessed for SSC.

  • Has no evidence of eruption of permanent incisor teeth.
  • Carcase weighs more than 150kg *(HCSW).

 YEARLING
ENTIRE * YE *

Carcase derived from entire male not assessed for SSC.

  • Has no evidence of eruption of more than 2 permanent incisor teeth.
  • Carcase weighs more than 150kg *(HCSW).

YOUNG ENTIRE
* YGE *

Carcase derived from castrate or entire male bovine that: 

  • Has no evidence of eruption of more than 2 permanent incisor teeth. 
  •  Show signs of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC). 
  •  Carcase weighs more than 150kg *(HCSW).

YOUNG BULL
* BYG *
 

 * (HSCW) Hot Standard Carcase Weight.