Handbook of Australian Meat 7th Edition AusMeatInternational Red Meat Manual
CONTENTS
> RED MEAT INDUSTRY > AUS-MEAT LANGUAGE OVINE CATEGORIES & DESCRIPTIONS HELP

OVINE – BASIC CATEGORIES (SHEEPMEAT)

* Chronological age as shown is approximate only

DENTITION DESCRIPTION CATEGORY/CIPHER

LAMB - female, castrate or entire male animal that:

  • Has 0 permanent incisor teeth.

LAMB * L *

* 12 months (approx.) 

MUTTON - female or castrate male animal that: 

  • Has at least one (1) permanent incisor tooth.
  •  In male has no evidence of Secondary Sexual
    Characteristics (SSC).

MUTTON
* M *

 * Over 10 months 

RAM - Entire or castrate male that shows Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).

  • Entire male has evidence of at least one (1) permanent incisor tooth.

RAM * R *

* Over 10 months 

OVINE – ALTERNATIVE CATEGORIES (SHEEPMEAT)

DENTITION DESCRIPTION CATEGORY/CIPHER

Carcase derived from female or castrate male ovine that: 

  • Has 0 permanent incisor teeth (in addition): 
  • Has no eruption of permanent upper molar teeth.

YOUNG LAMB
* YL *

* Up to 5 months only 

Carcase derived from female or castrate male ovine that: 

  • Has 1 but no more than 2 permanent incisor teeth.
  •  In male has no evidence of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).

 HOGGET * H * or
YEARLING MUTTON

* 10 to 18 months

Carcase derived from female ovine that: 

  • Has 1 or more permanent incisor teeth.

 EWE MUTTON
* E *

* Over 10 months

Carcase derived from castrate male ovine that:

  • Has 1 or more permanent incisor teeth.
  • Has no evidence of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).

WETHER MUTTON
* W *

* Over 10 months